Condensation of Vapor as Induced Nuclei and Ions. Third Report by Carl Barus

ISBN: 9781406782653

Published: October 1st 2007

Paperback

148 pages


Description

Condensation of Vapor as Induced  by  Nuclei and Ions. Third Report by Carl Barus

Condensation of Vapor as Induced by Nuclei and Ions. Third Report by Carl Barus
October 1st 2007 | Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, ZIP | 148 pages | ISBN: 9781406782653 | 8.63 Mb

PREFACE. In the following report I have given an account of experiments made . 7 1 UBRAKY with a plug-cock fog chamber during the last year and a half. The first chapter summarizes the equations frequently needed and adds other important suggestionsMorePREFACE. In the following report I have given an account of experiments made . 7 1 UBRAKY with a plug-cock fog chamber during the last year and a half.

The first chapter summarizes the equations frequently needed and adds other important suggestions relating to the efficiency of the ap- paratus used for condensation of water vapor suspended in air. I have adduced, in Chapter II, the results of a long series of experiments begun May 9, 1905, to determine whether the colloidal or vapor variations in the nucleations of dust-free air show any interpretable initial regions ions, which would correspond to variations of a natural radiation entering the chamber from without.

The fog-chamber method seems to be too complicated to give trustworthy indications of such changes of ionization as have been since discovered with the aid of the electrical method by Wood and Campbell. An interesting result, how- ever, came out of the experiments in question, as a whole, showing that the vapor nucleation is variable with temperature in the region exam- ined to the extent of about 2 per cent per degree. The fog chamber used in the present research having undergone varied modifications since the coronas were last standardized 1904, it seemed necessary to repeat the work for the present report.

This was particularly necessary because the subsequent investigations were to depend essentially on the values of the nucleation observed. These comparisons are shown in Chapters III and IV. In the former the diffractions are obtained from a single source of light and the angular diameter of the coronas is measured by a goniometer in the latter the fiducial annuli of two coronas due to identical sources of light areput in contact and the distance apart of the lamps is measured under known conditions.

This contact method has many advantages and above all admits of the use of both eyes. In both cases, moreover, the nucleation of dust-free air, in the presence as well as in the absence of penetrating artificial radiation, is redetermined. All results agree among them- selves and with the older work, as closely as may be expected in work of the present kind, below the middle green-blue-purple corona usually corresponding to io5 nuclei but above this there is much divergence, which will probably not be overcome until some means for keeping the air rigorously homogeneous in nucleation throughout a given experiments has been devised.

series of Chapter V contains some remarkable results on the properties of nuclei obtained from the evaporation of fog particles. It will be seen in that such residual water nuclei behave very differently, according as the precipitation takes place on solutional nuclei like those of phos- phorus, or upon the vapor nuclei of dust-free wet air, or upon the ions 80 per cent of the nuclei may vanish in the first evaporation in the latter case, fewer in the second case, and none in the first.

In Chapter VI the endeavor is made to standardize the coronas by aid of the decay constants of the ions as found by the electrical method. The curious result follows that in order to make these data agree with those of Chapters III and IV it is necessary to assume an absorption of nuclei varying as the first power of their number as well as a decay by their mutual coalescence...



Enter the sum





Related Archive Books



Related Books


Comments

Comments for "Condensation of Vapor as Induced":


canaryptc.eu

©2014-2015 | DMCA | Contact us